The winner of the 2021 Nobel Peace Prize will be announced on Friday, but discussions have begun on whether there is a risk of controversy over this year’s nomination, as in the past.
The Nobel Peace Prize is considered one of the most prestigious in the world.
This is one of the six awards that the Swedish scientist, businessman and philanthropist Alfred Nobel introduced.
But due to its political nature, the medal has generated much more controversy than the other five categories at different times.
Here are a few incidents.
Many were shocked when Barack Obama was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 2009, including Nobel laureate Obama himself.
Obama even wrote in his memoirs in 2020 as the first response to that announcement, “For what?”
He was only nine months old when he came to power, and critics called his decision “immature.”
In fact, within 12 days of Mr. Obama being sworn in, the deadline for nominations for the award passed.
In 2015, Ger Landetstad, a former director of the Nobel Institute, told the BBC that the committee had regretted the decision.
During Obama’s two terms, US forces were fighting in Afghanistan, Iraq and Syria.
The late Palestinian leader was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1994. At the same time, the award was given to the then Prime Minister of Israel Isaac Robin and Foreign Minister Shimon Peres.
Originally, they were jointly awarded the Medal for the Oslo Peace Accords to end the Palestinian-Israeli conflict.
But there is controversy in Israel and beyond over whether to reward Yasser Arafat, who was once involved in paramilitary activities.
Even the Nobel Committee was divided over the nomination.
A member of the committee also resigned in protest.
Aung San Suu Kyi
The Myanmar politician was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991 for his non-violent struggle against the country’s military junta.
But 20 years later, he has come under fire for genocide against Rohingya Muslims and widespread human rights abuses in his country.
The United Nations has described the Rakhine incident as genocide.
There have even been calls for his medal to be revoked, although this cannot be done according to the rules.
In December 2020, Ethiopian Prime Minister Abi Ahmed was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts to resolve the long-running border dispute with Eritrea.
But less than a year later, questions arose about the validity of the award.
Because he himself was criticized by the international community for deploying troops in the northern part of the country.
Thousands of people were killed in fighting there, and the United Nations called it a “heartbreaking disaster.”
The late Kenyan environmentalist was the first African woman to win the Nobel in 2004.
But his victory was widely questioned when a comment on HIV and AIDS surfaced.
Wangari Mathai said the HIV virus was artificially created as a germ weapon – aimed at eradicating blacks.
There was no scientific basis for his claim.
Henry Kissinger, then Secretary of State of the United States, was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1973.
But the bombing in Cambodia, in support of military rule in South America, and the most controversial chapter in the history of American foreign policy, have earned Mr. Kissinger many awards.
Two members of the Nobel Committee resigned in protest.
The New York Times called the award the “Nobel War Prize.”
Gandhi with empty hands
There is also a discussion about not getting the award with this medal.
The biggest name that is not in the peace category is – Mahatma Gandhi.
The Indian politician did not actually get the name for the nomination several times, although his name has been associated with the non-violent movement since the early twentieth century.